Free Throw : 5 Pointers to Help You Improve Your Free Throw Shooting

Jeremy Caroll

A free throw is an unguarded scoring attempt that provides a basketball team with the opportunity to earn more points after a foul has been committed against them. Learn about the mechanics of free throws, as well as a list of noteworthy free throw masters, in this article.

What Is the Definition of a Free Throw?

In basketball, a free throw, sometimes known as a foul shot, is an unguarded scoring attempt that a referee awards to a player when an opposition team member commits a foul against the player, his or her team, or an official. With free throws, a basketball team has the ability to score points outside of the shot clock during a basketball game, which is advantageous.

“Shoot clock” refers to a timer that is positioned above the hoop on each side of the basketball court and that displays and counts down the amount of time that has been allotted for each possession.”

Free throws are awarded for four different sorts of fouls: personal, technical, team, and flagrant. Personal fouls are committed when a player is blocked or struck while shooting, whereas team fouls are committed when a basketball team surpasses the amount of fouls assigned to them per game.

The act of fighting or verbal abuse by players or coaches is considered a technical foul, and the player will be forced to take free throws and may be ejected from the game. Learn more about the mechanics of fouling in the sport of basketball.

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How Do Free-Throw Shots Function?

Following the awarding of free throws by the referee, the shooter must position himself behind the free throw line at the far end of the restricted area on the basketball floor in order to take the shot.

As many as four players from each team line up on either side of the free throw lane in the hopes of grabbing the rebound and regaining possession of the ball if the shooter fails to make the basket.

The rebounding players must remain in position until the ball has been released from the shooter’s hands, otherwise the referee will grant the shooter an additional shot attempt at the expense of the rebounding players. In accordance with the severity of the foul, the player will be awarded between one and three free throw attempts. Each successful free throw results in a one-point conversion.

5 Pointers to Help You Improve Your Free Throw Shooting

At a basketball camp in Florida, participants learn how to shoot free throws

Do you ever find yourself having difficulty with your free throw shot? Given that free throws can make or break a game, knowing how to shoot a basketball is critical to developing your game both as an individual and as a member of a team.

Approaching the line in a gaming setting is a frightening undertaking until you put in the necessary time and effort into practising in a game-like environment.

It is critical to integrate repetition of shots from the free throw line into your practise routine since the free throw is the only chance in basketball where the defender will not interfere, leaving you to control the situation totally. Five free throw shooting advice from John Gillon, a current NBA G league BayHawks player and director of a professional basketball programme for professional basketball players.

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Creating a routine is important

If your goal is to enhance your free throw shooting percentage, it is strongly recommended that you develop a unique routine that is step by step in its execution. Years have passed and John Gillon has maintained the same routine: “He bounces the ball three times, looks down at the floor, then raises his gaze to find the rim. Consistency is essential for developing into a proficient free throw shooter once the foundation has been laid.

Everything from the moment the referee hands you the ball up until the shot is completed must be repeated during each try in order to cement your new habits and habits to come with it. In addition to improving mental recollection and confidence at the line, this programme is essential for developing muscle memory from a biomechanical aspect.


Your legs provide the necessary power for your shot. While keeping your knees bent and your weight on your toes, keep your non-dominant hand on the ball to keep it from rolling away. Despite the fact that the majority of the shot is controlled by your hands and legs, activating your core will place you in a stable posture to shoot the ball into the hoop with confidence.


The position of your elbows is a vital component of your shooting form in every situation. Bend your shooting arm and point your elbow straight to the rim while remaining aligned with your shoulder. Keep your elbow precisely underneath the ball at all times while shooting the basketball. As time goes on, this will become second nature and will no longer necessitate much thought.


It is preferable if you can direct your gaze straight at your goal. As you become more familiar with your routine and technique, you will find that you don’t have to pay as much attention to the location of your hands and elbows. Better accuracy will be possible while aiming the ball at the hoop as a result of this.

Make a Plan and Stick to It

Whenever you’re finally ready to take a shot at the ball, make sure you extend your knees and elbow, and most essential, flick your wrist. As soon as the ball is released from your grasp, flicking your wrist will cause the ball to spin in the opposite direction. This should be done in a single fluid motion, with your feet remaining on the ground throughout.

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In basketball, as in any other sport, practise makes perfect. To get the most out of your efforts, establish a schedule and adhere to it. Continue reading for additional basketball shooting tips, and consider joining John Gillon and his staff this summer at the John Gillon Basketball Camp in Syracuse or Houston.

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